Civilising the City of London

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In his latest article for Passenger Transport Magazine, our Director Jonathan Bray writes how the City of London is one to watch in terms of taming traffic and creating an attractive and enjoyable environment.

Read Civilising the City of London here.

Rail review can get rail devolution back on track

Merseyrail train in new livery at Stanley Dock on canal bridge.

At last week’s National Rail Awards, Merseyrail (which is fully devolved to the transport authority Merseytravel) won Passenger Operator of the Year and two others awards, becoming the first single train operator to win three awards at the event.

It’s hard to remember now, but before powers over the Merseyrail Electrics network were delegated to the Passenger Transport Executive, the network was known as ‘Miseryrail’ and bumped along the bottom of the league tables for passenger satisfaction and performance. Now the opposite is the case, with the network due to take another giant leap forward with a fleet of new state-of-the-art commuter trains.

Scotland has also benefitted hugely from full devolution or rail powers with major investment in new lines, services, electrification and trains – levels of investment that the North of England (up until partial devolution took place there) could only dream of. London’s mostly orbital network of heavy rail lines have also been utterly transformed from the dismal and desultory service they endured under both British Rail and when privatised by Whitehall.

Devolution beats remote control by Whitehall because cities and regions understand how important modern and efficient rail services are: important to travellers every day, important to reducing road congestion (and associated air pollution and carbon reduction), important to building strong agglomeration economies and important to meeting housing need without leading to more sprawl and road congestion.

Yet despite the overall success of rail devolution, we have recently seen the Department for Transport slam the brakes on deepening and widening its benefits – in particular on full devolution on Northern and in the West Midlands, as well as a roll out across much more of the London and the South East rail network.

The forthcoming rail review is a fresh opportunity to get rail devolution back on track, and with an evidence base for the benefits as strong as this, we can’t wait to make that case to the review.

For further information, read our Rail Devolution Works report, or visit the rail devolution section on our website.

University challenge: How can cities & academics work more closely on transport?

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What will autonomous vehicles mean for our cities? Will Mobility as a Service (MaaS) change behaviour? How can we reduce the negative impacts of transport on public health?

These are questions that both transport authorities and academic institutions are often exploring. The trouble is – more often than not – they’re being explored in isolation, with the two types of organisation not talking to one another. Yet there is potentially a great deal of value for both parties in establishing closer working relationships on transport issues.

In response to this challenge, we’ve developed a new briefing note which explains how some city region transport authorities have successfully gone about partnering with academic institutions and the benefits that have arisen.

There are a number of different ways that transport authorities and universities can work together. These include

  • Student projects, both undergraduate and masters dissertations, and PhD projects;
  • Student placements;
  • Collaboration on bespoke projects;
  • Framework or partnership agreements;
  • Secondments; and
  • Providing challenges and case studies / test beds for projects, such as those funded through the EU Horizon 2020 programme

Transport for London (TfL) has relationships and partnerships with a range of UK and international academic institutions. To manage these relationships it has established a governance framework, covering issues like data protection and intellectual property. One example is TfL’s long standing partnership with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which has resulted in the development of an algorithm to estimate where people using TfL’s bus network alight. Masters students undertake placements at TfL, spending several months conducting research for their dissertations and gaining valuable business experience.

South Yorkshire PTE worked with the University of Sheffield on a bespoke project to analyse bus real time information. This generated insight that can be used to improve service planning and delivery. This case study was highlighted in our 2016 report ‘Getting Smart on Data’.

EU funded Horizon 2020 projects offer another way for transport authorities to work with academic institutions. For example, Transport for Greater Manchester has been part of MaaS4EU, a three year project which aims to address the challenges and barriers to MaaS.

These are just a few examples of how collaboration between transport authorities and universities can deliver new insight and understanding, improve services and promote careers in transport to the professionals of the future. We hope this briefing offers a useful beginning… a ‘starter for 10’ if you like.

Clare Linton is a Researcher at the Urban Transport Group